The Onagadori is a rare breed of long-tailed chicken recognized as a living National Treasure of Japan.

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The Onagadori (Japanese: 尾長鶏, “long-tailed chicken”) is a historic Japanese breed of chicken, characterised by an exceptionally long tail. It was bred in the seventeenth century in Kōchi Prefecture, on Shikoku island in southern Japan, and was designated a Japanese National Natural Treasure in 1952.  (VIDEO AT THE END)


The Onagadori (roughly means “Honorable Fowl”) is a rare breed of long-tailed Chickens from Japan. It was first thought to be a descendant of the Shoukoku, but recent modern genetic researches have already weakened this theory. The Onagadori is recognized as the Living National Treasure of Japan, and till now it’s almost exclusive to its country of origin. (VIDEO AT THE END)

The Onagadori’s trademark feature is the non-molting tail feathers, that if kept in the best conditions with high levels of animal husbandry, grow for the lifetime of the roosters. While, the hens molt normally, as do the feathers that cover roosters’ heads, breasts, backs, and legs. The Onagadori has also long saddle feathers, and hens themselves show the signs of having a wealth of feathers.


To be regarded as a long-tailed fowl (Onagadori), the bird’s tail must be at least 2 m long. Otherwise, it might be regarded as a Phoenix chicken, which is a descendant from the Onagadori itself. Lengths of 12 – 27 feet have been accomplished for the Onagadori, making it the king of all long-tailed breeds of chickens.

Onagadoris have single combs, white earlobes, and relatively medium-sized fine wattles. The hens are poor layers of light brown eggs (around 25 eggs per year), but they are known for being broody. The Onagadori also comes in multiple color-varieties which include; white, black-breasted red, silver-duck wing, and golden-duck wing.

Source: ultimate facts

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